Murchison falls national park - "The world's most powerful waterfall"

Park at a Glancemfnp
• Size:3840 km2
• Murchison Falls became one of Uganda's first national parks in 1952.
• At Murchison falls, the Nile squeezes through an 8m
wide gorge and plunges with a thunderous roar into
"Devil's Cauldron", creating a trademark rainbow.
• The northern section of the park contains savanna and
borassus palms, acacia trees and riverine woodland
• The south is dominated by woodland and forest patches.
• The 1951 film "e African Queen" starting Humphrey
Bogart was filmed on Lake Albert and Nile in Murchison
Falls National park.

Murchison Falls National Park lies at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the sweeping Bunyoro escarpment tumbles
into vast, palm-dotted savannah. First gazetted as a game reserve
in 1926, it is Uganda's largest and oldest conservation area, hosting
76 species of mammals and over 451 birds.

The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile, which plunges 45m over the
remnant rift valley wall, creating the dramatic Murchison Falls, the
centerpiece of the park and the final event in an 80km stretch of
R.Nile from Karuma Falls rapids. e mighty cascade drains the last
of the river's energy, transforming it into a broad, placid stream that
flows quietly across the rift valley floor into Lake Albert.
At Murchison falls, the River Nile squeezes through an 8m wide gorge and plunges with a thunderous roar into "Devil's Cauldron", creating a trademark rainbow.

By Roads
A number of routes can be used to reach the Nile at Paraa at the
heart of the Murchison Falls Conservation Area. e river is crossed
using a ferry which runs at intervals throughout the day.
Southern Entrance Gates
Two southerly approaches to Paraa lead out to Masindi town, which
is a 4 hour drive (305km) from Kampala. Along the way to Masindi is
the Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary - home to the only wild rhinos in Uganda.
You can track them on foot and support this important initiative to
reintroduce rhinos to protected areas. Visit for
more information.
Kichumbanyobo is the main gate along the southern section of the
park. It is only 16km from Masindi town and 70km to Paraa the Park
Headquarters. e access road passes via the Kanio Pabidi section
of Budongo Forest with a lot of Primates, butterflies, bigger game
and fabulous scenery enroute.
A longer but more scenic alternative runs for 135km from Masindi via
Buliisa to the park's Bugungu gate. e route includes a passage
through Budongo Forest and a memorable descent of the rift valley
escarpment with views across Lake Albert towards the Blue Mountains
of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Northern Entrance Gates
Murchison Falls National Park can also be accessed via the Chobe,
Wankwar, Mubako and Tangi gates north of the Nile. ese can be
reached from the Kampala-Pakwach Road which crosses the Nile at
Karuma Falls Bridge in the north-eastern corner of the park, 260km
from Kampala. ese gates are convenient for visitors travelling
to/from Gulu town and Kidepo Valley National Park.
By Air
Pakuba Airfield, 19km from North Paraa, can be reached using
chartered aircraft from Entebbe International Airport or Kajjansi
airfield near Kampala. Other airfields in the park include: Chobe to the
east and Bugungu – near Murchison Falls – to the south.

Regular visitors to the riverbanks include elephants
elephants, giraffes and buffaloes; while hippos, Nile crocodiles and
aquatic birds are permanent residents.
The 1951 film "e African Queen" starring Humphrey Bogart was
filmed on Lake Albert and the Nile in Murchison Falls National Park.
Notable visitors to the park include Winston Churchill, eodore
Roosevelt, Ernest Hemingway and several British royals.

One of the hottest regions in Uganda. Nights are cooler, dropping to
around 18°C, and there is little rain – though when it arrives it can be
The best time to visit is during the dry seasons from December to
late February and from June to September, as the animals congregate
around water bodies making them easier to observe. e best
time for bird watching is January-March which tends to have plenty
of bird activity with fewer tourists.
A range of accommodation facilities catering for both up-markets,
medium range and budget visitors are available. It is advisable to
book well in advance.
Murchison Falls
Murchison Falls is characterized by eternal war between rock and
water. e waters violently compress through a narrow gorge,
spraying misty droplets along their wake over a 50m radius. is
creates a permanent rainbow over the battlefield and causes a
continuous roar. From Baker Point on the southern side, you can
also view the Nile splitting into the smaller Uhuru Falls, created in
1962 when the river burst its banks.
River Nile
A boat ride along the Nile to the foot of Murchison Falls is a rewarding
experience for nature lovers, as both the northern and southern
banks teem with a variety of mammals, birds and reptiles. e
ambience offered by the river while on the trip makes the experience
enjoyable and memorable.
The River Nile Delta (Victoria Nile joins Lake Albert)
is wide, calm stretch of water, where the tranquil Victoria Nile
flows into Lake Albert, is a key area for bird watchers. Its papyruslined
banks are bursting with birdlife, including the Goliath Heron,
Great Egret, African Fish Eagles and many other wetland migrants.
The most sought-after species here is the rare Shoebill.
Buligi Game Tracksfalls
The Buligi game tracks, stretching between the Victoria and Albert
Niles, are the Murchison Falls National Park's most popular safari
destination. At around 120-170km in length, they pass through open
savannah grassland, woodland, acacia and riverine vegetation. Most
of the park's game can be viewed here such as Elephant,
Lions,Rothchild Giraffee,herds of buffaloes especially during early
morning and early evening tours.
Paraa, meaning home of the hippo in the local Luo language, is the
park's tourism hub. All the park's access roads converge here as the
northern and southern banks are linked by a passenger ferry, and
several accommodations are located nearby. Additionally, a
museum and gift shop can be found on the north bank, and most
game drives launch trips and nature walks commence here.
Karuma Falls
The Karuma Falls are located in Chobe, in the northeastern sector of
the park. ese roaring waterfalls on the Victoria Nile are made up of
a series of natural rock formations which cause the waters to ripple
and give them a white, foamy appearance. It is an ideal area for sport
fishing, game viewing and bird watching as it's at an area where two
ecosystems converge(protected and loosely conserved ecosystems
Kaniyo Pabidi Forest falls
In the south of Murchison Falls Conservation Area, this forest
ecosystem contains black-and-white colobus and blue monkeys,
olive baboons, and a habituated chimp group which can be tracked
and viewed. Elephants, buffalos, lions and leopards are also
frequent visitors. Many forest birds can be viewed here, including the
chocolate-backed kingfisher, white-thighed hornbill and Puvel's
Illadopsis which is found nowhere else in East Africa.
Rabongo Forest
Surrounded by savannah and covering just 4km2, Rabongo Forest is
considered a birders' paradise because of the endangered species
found here such as the African Finfoot. Rabongo is ideal for educational
tours as it provides opportunities to identify animals, birds,
medicinal plants and trees. For relaxation, visitors can camp and
enjoy picnics by the Wairingo River.
Both the game drives and the launch trips offer an opportunity for
one to come across distinct birdlife, including savannah forest birds

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